BROWN, Ron: Behind Bars: Inside Ontario’s Heritage Gaols. Toronto 2006.

LAPLANTE, Jacques: Prison et ordre social au Québec. Ottawa 1989.

MIMEAULT, Martin: La Prison des Plaines d’Abraham, 1863-1877. Québec 2007.

OLIVER, Peter: “Terror to evil-doers”. Prisons and Punishment in Nineteenth-Century Ontario. Toronto 1998.

SPLANE, Richard B.: Social Welfare in Ontario, 1791-1893. A Study of Public Welfare Administration. Toronto 1965.

TALBOT, Charles K.: Justice in Early Ontario, 1791-1840: A Study of Crime, Courts, and Prisons in Upper Canada. Ottawa 1983.

United States

AYERS, Edward L.: Vengeance and Justice. Crime and Punishment in the Nineteenth-Century American South. New York, Oxford 1986.

BLOMBERG, Thomas G. & LUCKEN, Karol: American Penology. A History of Control. Hawthorne/NY. 2000.

BOOKSPAN, Shelley: A Germ of Goodness: The California State Prison System, 1851-1944. Lincoln, London 1991.

BRIGHT, Charles: The Powers that Punish: Prison and Politics in the Era of the “Big House”, 1920-1955. Ann Arbor 1996.

BUTLER, Anne & HENDERSON, Murray C.: Angola – Louisiana State Pentitentiary: A Half-Century of Rage and Reform. Lafayette 1990.

CASELLA, Eleanor Conlin: The Archaeology of Institutional Confinement. Gainesville 2007.

CROLSEY, Clyde: Unfolding Misconceptions: The Arkansas State Penitentiary, 1836-1986. Arlington 1986.

CUSAC, Anne-Marie: Cruel and Unusual: The Culture of Punishment in America. New Haven, London 2009.

DAVIS, Robert Scott: Ghosts and Shadows of Andersonville: Essays on the Secret Social Histories of America’s Deadliest Prison. Macon/Ga. 2006.

DODGE, Timothy: Crime and Punishment in New Hampshire, 1812-1914. New York 1995.

DUMM, Thomas L.: Democracy and Punishment: Disciplinary Origins of the United States. Madison 1987.

ESSLINGER, Michael: Alcatraz: A Definitive History of the Penitentiary Years. San Francisco 2006.

HINDUS, Michael Stephen: Prison and Plantation: Crime, Justice and Authority in Massachusetts and South Carolina, 1767-1878. Chapel Hill 1980.

HIRSCH, Adam Jay: The Rise of the Penitentiary: Prisons and Punishment in Early America. New Haven 1992.

JOHNSON, Judith R.: The Penitentiaries in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah from 1900 to 1980. Lewiston 1997.

JOHNSTON, Johnny H.: Leavenworth Penitentiary: A History of America’s Oldest Federal Prison. Leavenworth 2005.

JOHNSTON, Norman (ed): Eastern State Penitentiary: Crucible of Good Intentions. Philadelphia 1994.

KAHAN, Paul: Eastern State Penitentiary: A History of Penitence and Punishment. Charleston 2008.

KANN, Mark E.: Punishment, Prisons, and Patriarchy: Liberty and Power in the Early American Republic. New York, London 2005.

KEVE, Paul W.: Prisons and the American Conscience: A History of U.S. Federal Corrections. Carbondale/Ill. 1991.

LABERGE, Danielle: Travail forcé et enfermement pénal. Quelques questions sur la naissance de la prison aux États-Unis, in: Déviance et société 9 (1985) 3, 215-231.

LEWIS, Orlando F.: The Development of American Prisons and Prison Customs, 1776-1845. New York 1922.

LEWIS, W. David: From Newgate to Dannemora: The Rise of the Penitentiary in New York, 1796-1848. Ithaca 1965.

MCKELVEY, Blake: American Prisons: A Study in America Social History Prior to 1915. Chicago 1936.

MCLENNAN, Rebecca M.: The Crisis of Imprisonment: Protest, Politics, and the Making of the American Penal State, 1776-1941. Cambridge 2008.

MERANZE, Michael: Laboratories of Virtue: Punishment, Revolution, and Authority in Philadelphia, 1760-1835. Chapel Hill, London 1996.

MILLER, Vivien: Crime, Sexual Violence, and Clemency: Florida’s Pardon Board and Penal System in the Progressive Era. Gainesville 2000.

PISCIOTTA, Alexander W.: Benevolent Repression: Social Control and the American Reformatory-prison Movement. New York, London 1994.

ROBERTS, John W.: Reform and Retribution: An Illustrated History of American Prisons. Lanham 1997.

ROTHMAN, David J.: Conscience and Convenience: The Asylum and its Alternatives in Progressive America. New York 2002/1980.

ROTHMAN, David J.: The Discovery of the Asylum. Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic. Boston 1971.

RUDDELL, Rick: America Behind Bars: Trends in Imprisonment, 1950 to 2000. New York 2004.

SHUGG, Wallace: A Monument to Good Intentions: The Story of of the Maryland Penitentiary, 1804-1995. Baltimore 2000.

SPIERENBURG, Pieter: From Amsterdam to Auburn: An Explanation for the Rise of the Prison in Seventeenth-Century Holland and Nineteenth-Century America, in: Journal of Social History 20 (1987) 3, 439-461.

SULLIVAN, Robert R.: The Birth of the Prison: The Case of Benjamin Rush, in: Eigthteenth-Century Studies 31 (1998) 3, 333-344.

TAYLOR, William B.: Brokered Justice: Race, politics, and Mississipi Prisons, 1798-1992. Columbus 1993.

TAYLOR, William B.: Down on Parchman Farm: The Great Prison in the Mississippi Delta. Columbus 1999.

TEETERS, Negley K.: The Cradle of the Penitentiary: The Walnut Street Jail at Philadelphia, 1773-1835. Philadelphia 1955.

WARD, Robert David: Alabama’s Response to the Penitentiary Movement, 1829-1865. Gainesville 2003.

WELLMAN, Gregory L.: A History of Alcatraz Island, 1853-2008. Charleston 2008.

North America

© Falk Bretschneider